If you had a Membership Rewards earning Amex card you could do provided that the loyality program you wished to transfer to was a transfer partner. This isn’t an automated process through. You would need to manually do the transfers.
The Amex SPG cards earns Marriott points directly and will be automatically credited to your Marriott/Starwood combined program loyality account. You are then bound by the transfer partners of marriotts program which are quite substantial but the transfer ratios aren’t typically very good. They do offer a bonus for transferring certain amounts of points.
Capital One Savor is a cash back card so no transfer options there.
Capital one Venture just added a transfer points option to 12 airlines. None of them are US domestic carriers but some of members of various airline alliances so points can be used to book domestic flights. This isn’t an automated process you would need to manually go in and transfer points.
It sounds like you may be interested in an Amex Membership Rewards card , Chase Ultimate Rewards card, or Citi Thank you points card.
Those different card types all allow transferring miles to various airline/hotel programs.